What allergens are common causes of contact dermatitis?

Treatments

What is the most common cause of contact dermatitis?

Nickel. Nickel is the most frequent cause of allergic contact dermatitis. Between 8% and 11% of women have this allergy.

What is a common allergen that triggered allergic contact dermatitis?

Common allergens include: Nickel, which is used in jewelry, buckles and many other items. Medications, such as antibiotic creams and oral antihistamines. Balsam of Peru, which is used in many products, such as perfumes, cosmetics, mouth rinses and flavorings.

What allergies can cause dermatitis?

Allergic contact dermatitis: Your body has an allergic reaction to a substance (allergen) that it doesn’t like. Common allergens include jewelry metals (like nickel), cosmetic products, fragrances and preservatives. It can take several days after exposure for an itchy, red rash to develop.

What are the top ten allergens for contact dermatitis?

Contact dermatitis in children: The top 10 allergens

  • Methylchloroisothiazolinone (MCI)/methylisothiazolinone (MI).
  • Formaldehyde.
  • Cocamidopropyl betaine.
  • Lanolin.
  • Benzalkonium chloride.
  • Fragrance and balsam of peru.
  • Neomycin.
  • Nickel.
IT IS INTERESTING:  What do moles do to your garden?

Why is my contact dermatitis spreading?

Allergic contact dermatitis frequently appears to spread over time. In fact, this represents delayed reactions to the allergens. Several factors may produce the false impression that the dermatitis is spreading or is contagious. Heavily contaminated areas may break out first, followed by areas of lesser exposure.

Will my contact dermatitis ever go away?

Contact dermatitis symptoms usually go away in two to three weeks. If you continue to contact the allergen or irritant, your symptoms will most likely return. As long as you avoid contact with the allergen or irritant, you will probably have no symptoms.

What is the difference between irritant and allergic contact dermatitis?

Irritant contact dermatitis is caused by the non–immune-modulated irritation of the skin by a substance, leading to skin changes. Allergic contact dermatitis is a delayed hypersensitivity reaction in which a foreign substance comes into contact with the skin; skin changes occur after reexposure to the substance.

Is allergic contact dermatitis an immediate reaction?

Contact allergies can lead to severe skin reactions. Unlike with many other kinds of allergies, the reaction doesn’t occur immediately, but usually after one to three days.

Can dermatitis spread by scratching?

Scratching the itchy rash associated with dermatitis can cause open sores, which may become infected. These skin infections can spread and may very rarely become life-threatening.

What is best for dermatitis?

Mild skin inflammations usually respond to over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream. To reduce inflammation and heal the irritation of most types of dermatitis, a doctor usually recommends a prescription corticosteroid cream and might prescribe an oral antihistamine to relieve severe itching.

IT IS INTERESTING:  How do you get rid of palmoplantar psoriasis?

How do you get rid of contact dermatitis fast?

To help reduce itching and soothe inflamed skin, try these self-care approaches:

  1. Avoid the irritant or allergen. …
  2. Apply an anti-itch cream or lotion to the affected area. …
  3. Take an oral anti-itch drug. …
  4. Apply cool, wet compresses. …
  5. Avoid scratching. …
  6. Soak in a comfortably cool bath. …
  7. Protect your hands.

Where is dermatitis found in the body?

Where does dermatitis form on the body? The location of your dermatitis depends on the type. For example, atopic dermatitis can appear anywhere on your skin. But, in teens and adults, it’s typically on the hands, inner elbows, neck, knees, ankles, feet and around the eyes.

What is the most common cause of contact dermatitis in the US?

Nickel, chrome, and mercury are the most common metals that cause contact dermatitis: Nickel is found in costume jewelry, and belt buckles. Watches, zippers, snaps, and hooks on clothing may also contain nickel. Chrome-plated items, which contain nickel.

What is the most common contact allergen?

In almost all studies, nickel is the most common allergen and is even more common in females.

Can contact dermatitis last for months?

If there is chronic exposure to a mild irritant such as water or soap, the reaction can occur over a period of weeks to months and involve dryness, itching, and cracking—this is often seen on the hands.