What causes lichenoid dermatitis?
It is believed that the condition is caused by an allergic reaction to medication or other chemicals, or that it is developed as a result of a viral infection. Many heart disease, high blood pressure, hypoglycemic and arthritis medications are believed to cause an allergic reaction.
What medications can trigger lichen planus?
Oral lichenoid drug reactions may be triggered by systemic drugs including NSAIDs, beta-blockers, sulfonylureas, some ACE inhibitors, and some antimalarials. In patients with oral lichenoid lesions, be alert for any systemic drug as a cause.
Does lichenoid dermatitis go away?
Although it can last months or even years, lichenoid drug eruption should clear up over time. Aside from the skin rash, it doesn’t usually cause other ill effects. You might have some skin discoloration after your skin clears up. The discoloration may fade over time.
What is lichenoid drug eruption?
INTRODUCTION. Lichenoid drug eruption, also called drug-induced lichen planus, is an uncommon cutaneous adverse effect of several drugs [1-4]. It is characterized by a symmetric eruption of flat-topped, erythematous or violaceous papules resembling lichen planus on the trunk and extremities.
What does Lichenoid keratosis look like?
Lichenoid keratosis typically looks like a small rounded or oval area on the surface of the skin. It can range in size from 3 millimeters to a centimeter or more. It may look like a sore or wart-like growth. It may appear to be inflamed or red, or like a scaly, dry patch on the skin.
Is Lichen Planus caused by stress?
What cause lichen planus? In most cases, the cause of lichen planus can’t be found. It is not caused by stress, but sometimes emotional stress makes it worse. This disorder has been known to occur after contact with certain chemicals, such as those used to develop color photographs.
How do you get rid of lichen planus fast?
Lichen planus has no cure, but different treatments can help relieve your symptoms and speed healing. Possible treatments include: Antihistamine medicine to relieve itching. Steroids on your skin or in your mouth to fight inflammation (You may also take steroids in pill form for severe cases)
How Long Does lichen planus take to heal?
Most cases of lichen planus of the skin clear up on their own within 6 to 9 months. The rash rarely lasts longer than 18 months. However, oral lichen planus and lichen planus that affects the genital area may be more persistent.
What foods are good for lichen planus?
When the lesions are symptomatic, patients may avoid certain foods that may aggravate the symptoms. They are often on a soft diet, which may be a predominantly carbohydrate diet. Advise patients with oral lichen planus (OLP) that a diet rich in fresh fruit and vegetables may help reduce the risk of oral SCC.
What foods should you avoid if you have lichen planus?
The following is known about lichen planus:
- It does not appear to be a hereditary condition.
- It is not an infectious condition.
- It is not a form of cancer.
- It is not linked to nutrition. However, spicy foods, citrus juices, and tomato products may aggravate symptoms if there are open sores in the mouth.
Does Vitamin D Help Lichen Planus?
Lichen planus disease is a chronic inflammatory lesion without a known etiology. Recent studies have indicated the role of vitamin D on immune system and proposed its anti-inflammatory effects.
Which is the most common drug associated with lichenoid like eruptions?
Medications commonly reported to trigger a lichenoid drug eruption include: Antihypertensives – ACE inhibitors, beta-blockers, nifedipine, methyldopa. Diuretics – hydrochlorothiazide, frusemide, spironolactone.
How is a lichenoid reaction treated?
What is the treatment for an oral lichenoid eruption?
- Potent topical steroids such as clobetasol propionate.
- Other topical treatments such as tacrolimus.
- Oral medications including oral steroids such as prednisone (prednisolone).
Is lichenoid inflammation cancerous?
The most important complication of lichenoid reactions is the possibility of malignant transformation. That is why it has been considered a precancerous condition. Although the malignant transformation rate varies widely in the literature, from 0.4 to 6.5 percent, in most studies it does not exceed 1%.
How can you tell the difference between lichen planus and lichenoid reaction?
Lichen planus (LP) is a mucocutaneous disease with well-established clinical and microscopic features. The oral mucosa and skin may present clinical and microscopic alterations similar to those observed in LP, called lichenoid reactions (LRs), which are triggered by systemic or topical etiological agents.