Where did the mole come from chemistry?
The name mole is an 1897 translation of the German unit Mol, coined by the chemist Wilhelm Ostwald in 1894 from the German word Molekül (molecule). The related concept of equivalent mass had been in use at least a century earlier.
How did Avogadro discover the mole?
French physicist Jean Baptiste Perrin used the term Avogadro’s number for the first time while explaining Brownian motion. The value of Avogadro’s number was obtained by dividing the charge of a mole of electrons by the charge of a single electron which is equal to 6.02214154 x 1023 particles per mole.
Why do they call it a mole in chemistry?
The mole is a unit used in chemistry that is equal to Avogadro’s number. It is the number of carbon atoms in 12 grams of the isotope carbon-12. The word mole comes from the word molecule. … The mole is most often used to convert between numbers of atoms and molecules to the gram mass unit.
Why is a mole 6.022 x10 23?
The mole (abbreviated mol) is the SI measure of quantity of a “chemical entity,” such as atoms, electrons, or protons. It is defined as the amount of a substance that contains as many particles as there are atoms in 12 grams of pure carbon-12. So, 1 mol contains 6.022×1023elementary entities of the substance.
Is Avogadro’s number equal to one mole?
Avogadro’s number, number of units in one mole of any substance (defined as its molecular weight in grams), equal to 6.02214076 × 1023. The units may be electrons, atoms, ions, or molecules, depending on the nature of the substance and the character of the reaction (if any).
What is mole in body?
Moles occur when cells in your skin grow in a cluster instead of being spread throughout the skin. Most moles are made of cells called melanocytes, which make the pigment that gives your skin its natural color.
What is the scientific word for mole?
The medical term for a mole is a NEVUS (mole is Latin for “spot.”). Nevi are the plural of nevus. Congenital nevi are moles present at birth; acquired nevi develop anytime later. Nevi are made up of a particular type of cell, and the name is used to distinguish them from other, similar appearing fleshy growths.
Who is a mole person?
In espionage jargon, a mole (also called a “penetration agent”, “deep cover agent”, or “sleeper agent”) is a long-term spy (espionage agent) who is recruited before having access to secret intelligence, subsequently managing to get into the target organization.
Why is mole concept important?
Explanation: THE mole is important because it allows chemist to work with a subatomic world with macro world units and amount. Atoms molecules and formula units are very small and very difficult to work with usually. However the mole allows a chemist to work with amount large enough to use.